Factors That Impact the Success of Interorganizational Health Promotion Collaborations: A Scoping Review
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- American Journal of Health Promotion, 2018, 32 (4), pp. 1095 - 1109
- Issue Date:
© 2017, © The Author(s) 2017. Objective: To explore published empirical literature in order to identify factors that facilitate or inhibit collaborative approaches for health promotion using a scoping review methodology. Data Source: A comprehensive search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, ScienceDirect, PsycINFO, and Academic Search Complete for articles published between January 2001 and October 2015 was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Study Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria: To be included studies had to: be an original research article, published in English, involve at least 2 organizations in a health promotion partnership, and identify factors contributing to or constraining the success of an established (or prior) partnership. Studies were excluded if they focused on primary care collaboration or organizations jointly lobbying for a cause. Data Extraction: Data extraction was completed by 2 members of the author team using a summary chart to extract information relevant to the factors that facilitated or constrained collaboration success. Data Synthesis: NVivo 10 was used to code article content into the thematic categories identified in the data extraction. Results: Twenty-five studies across 8 countries were identified. Several key factors contributed to collaborative effectiveness, including a shared vision, leadership, member characteristics, organizational commitment, available resources, clear roles/responsibilities, trust/clear communication, and engagement of the target population. Conclusion: In general, the findings were consistent with previous reviews; however, additional novel themes did emerge.
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