Reproductive outcomes after a childhood and adolescent young adult cancer diagnosis in female cancer survivors: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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Journal Article
Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology, 2018, 7 (6), pp. 627 - 642
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© Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers 2018. Improvements in cancer therapy for childhood and adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors have increased in excess of 80% among pediatric patients and in excess of 85% among AYA cancer patients. Our research group explored the late effects consequences of cancer treatment on pregnancy and birth outcomes subsequent to a childhood (0-14 years) or AYA (15-25 years) diagnosis of cancer in female cancer survivors. Embase and Medline databases were searched. There were 17 review (n = 10 matched and n = 7 unmatched) studies that met the inclusion criteria. Subanalyses were conducted on 10 matched studies. The median age for all studies for patients at diagnosis and birth was 11 and 27 years, respectively. In matched cohort studies, female childhood and AYA cancer patients, who received chemotherapy alone, had a pooled estimated rate of 18% of experiencing a live birth compared with 10% of females who received radiotherapy alone and subsequently had a live birth. Females who received surgery alone reported higher pooled estimated rates of 44% for a live birth. For matched retrospective review studies, 79% (n = 973) of women experienced a live birth, of which 22% of these babies were born preterm. This meta-analysis found lower birth rates for survivors. Access to fertility-related information and discussions around fertility preservation options and oncofertility psychosocial support should be offered to all cancer patients and their families before starting cancer treatment.
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