Modeling and semi-active fuzzy control of magnetorheological elastomer-based isolator for seismic response reduction
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 2018, 101 pp. 449 - 466
- Issue Date:
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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd In this paper, a magnetorheological elastomer (MRE) based isolator was investigated to mitigate excessive vibrations in structures during seismic events. The primary objectives of this research are to propose a numerical model that expresses viscoelastic behaviors of the MRE and predict operation process of the MRE-based isolator for future design of isolator systems for various technical applications. Despite the simplicity in parameter definition in comparison to the conventional models, the proposed model works efficiently in a wide range of frequencies and amplitudes. The model consists of the following components: viscoelasticity of host MRE, magnetic field-induced property, nominal viscosity as well as high stiffness in low excitation frequency that are modeled in analogy with a standard linear solid model (Zener model), a stiffness variable spring, and a smooth Coulomb friction, respectively. Furthermore, a semi-active fuzzy controller was designed to enhance the performance of the isolator in suppressing structural vibrations. The control strategy was built to determine the command applied current. The controller is completely adequate for handling the nonlinearity of the isolator and works independently with the building structure. The efficiency of the MRE-based isolator was evaluated by the responses of the scaled building under seismic excitation. Numerical and experimental results show that the isolator accompanied with a fuzzy controller remarkably reduces the relative displacement and absolute acceleration of the scaled building compared to passive-off and passive-on cases.
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