Oil Spill Segmentation via Adversarial f-Divergence Learning

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2018, 56 (9), pp. 4973 - 4988
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© 2018 IEEE. We develop an automatic oil spill segmentation method in terms of f-divergence minimization. We exploit f-divergence for measuring the disagreement between the distributions of ground-truth and generated oil spill segmentations. To render tractable optimization, we minimize the tight lower bound of the f-divergence by adversarial training a regressor and a generator, which are structured in different forms of deep neural networks separately. The generator aims at producing accurate oil spill segmentation, while the regressor characterizes discriminative distributions with respect to true and generated oil spill segmentations. It is the coplay between the generator net and the regressor net against each other that achieves a minimal of the maximum lower bound for the f-divergence. The adversarial strategy enhances the representational powers of both the generator and the regressor and avoids requesting large amounts of labeled data for training the deep network parameters. In addition, the trained generator net enables automatic oil spill detection that does not require manual initialization. Benefiting from the comprehensiveness of f-divergence for characterizing diversified distributions, our framework can accurately segment variously shaped oil spills in noisy synthetic aperture radar images. Experimental results validate the effectiveness of the proposed oil spill segmentation framework.
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