Error tolerance and tradeoffs in loss- and failure-tolerant quantum computing schemes

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, 2007, 75 (1)
Issue Date:
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Qubit loss and gate failure are significant problems for the development of scalable quantum computing. Recently, various schemes have been proposed for tolerating qubit loss and gate failure. These include schemes based on cluster and parity states. We show that by designing such schemes specifically to tolerate these error types we cause an exponential blowout in depolarizing noise. We discuss several examples and propose techniques for minimizing this problem. In general, this introduces a tradeoff with other undesirable effects. In some cases this is physical resource requirements, while in others it is noise rates. © 2007 The American Physical Society.
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