Force control for path following of a 4WS4WD vehicle by the integration of PSO and SMC

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Vehicle System Dynamics, 2018, 56 (11), pp. 1682 - 1716
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
© 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. The aim of this paper is to present a novel control method for a four-wheel steer and four-wheel drive (4WS4WD) vehicle. The novelty is in the integration of sliding mode control (SMC) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) that is proposed to solve the control problem caused by the nonlinear, highly coupled and over-actuated characteristics of the four-wheel steer and four-wheel drive (4WS4WD) vehicle. The validity of the control method is evaluated by two criterions, namely path following performance assessed by the vehicle's position errors with respect to the reference path, and motion quality reflected by the smoothness of vehicle's velocities and accelerations. In vehicle modelling, a kinematic model and a dynamic model considering all slip forces are proposed for the controller design. Simulation results are provided to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed methodology and its robustness.
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