Shaped Power Pattern Synthesis of a Linear Dipole Array by Element Rotation and Phase Optimization Using Dynamic Differential Evolution

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Journal Article
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, 2018, 17 (4), pp. 697 - 701
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© 2002-2011 IEEE. A novel strategy for synthesizing shaped power pattern by using element rotation and phase optimization for a linear dipole array is presented. Element rotation can be considered as an array amplitude weighting technique, and it provides additional degrees of freedom in the pattern synthesis, but potentially increases the cross-polarization level (XPL). In order to obtain a desired copolarized shaped pattern with both the sidelobe level and XPL constrained, we simultaneously optimize all the rotation angles and excitation phases of all the dipole elements by applying the dynamic differential evolution algorithm. Two experiments for synthesizing flat-top and cosecant-squared patterns are conducted to validate the effectiveness and advantages of the proposed strategy.
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