Development of a Fuzzy-Logic-Based Energy Management System for a Multiport Multioperation Mode Residential Smart Microgrid
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2019, 34 (4), pp. 3283 - 3301
- Issue Date:
© 2018 IEEE. In this paper, a grid-tied residential smart microgrid topology is proposed, which integrates energies of a photo-voltaic (PV), a fuel cell, and a battery bank to supply the local loads through a combination of electric and magnetic buses. In contrast to multiple-converter-based microgrids with a common electric bus, using a multiport converter with a common magnetic bus can effectively reduce the number of voltage conversion stages, size, and cost of the renewable energy system and isolates the conversion ports. The resultant topology utilizes a centralized system level control that leads to a faster and more flexible energy management. The proposed microgrid is able to operate in multiple grid-connected and off-grid operation modes. A fuzzy controlled energy management unit (EMU) is designed to select the appropriate operation mode considering both real-time and long-term predicted data of the energy generation and consumption. A mode transition process is designed to smooth the mode variation by using a state transition diagram and bridging modes. To improve the microgrid operation performance, appropriate control techniques, such as synchronized bus-voltage balance, are used. A prototype of the proposed microgrid and the EMU are developed and experimentally tested for three different energy management scenarios. Energy distribution and energy cost analysis are performed for each scenario to validate the proposed control method.
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