User Cooperation in Wireless-Powered Backscatter Communication Networks

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Journal Article
IEEE Wireless Communications Letters, 2019, 8 (2), pp. 632 - 635
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© 2012 IEEE. In this letter, we introduce new user-cooperation schemes for wireless devices in a wireless-powered backscatter communication network with the aim to improve communication and energy efficiency for the whole network. In particular, we consider two types of wireless devices which can support different communication modes, i.e., backscatter and harvest-then-transmit, and they can cooperate to deliver the information to the access point. To improve energy transmission efficiency for the devices, energy beamforming is deployed at the power beacon. We then formulate the weighted sum-rate maximization problem by jointly optimizing time schedule, power allocation, and energy beamforming. Due to the non-convex issue of the optimization problem, we employ the variable substitutions and semidefinite relaxation techniques to obtain the optimal solution. Simulation results show that the proposed cooperation framework can significantly improve the communication efficiency compared with non-cooperation approach.
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