An Optimized Real-Time Energy Management Strategy for the Power-Split Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, 2019, 27 (3), pp. 1194 - 1202
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© 1993-2012 IEEE. This paper proposes a new real-time energy management strategy (R-EMS) to improve the fuel economy performance of the power-split hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Being different from most conventional optimization-based EMS, the R-EMS does not need priori information of the driving cycle and is used to the online control of HEV. The forward dynamic model of power-split powertrain is built based on the Prius MY10. At each instant, the proposed R-EMS tries to minimize the equivalent consumed power of the HEV, which is the weighted summation of gasoline power and battery output power. The equivalence factor of battery output power has a clear physical meaning that is the efficiency of gasoline energy transferred to battery energy. Another two coefficients are introduced to control the state of charge (SOC) of battery. By considering the engine torque and engine speed as two independent or dependent design variables, respectively, the 2-D R-EMS and 1-D R-EMS are formed. Several typical driving cycles are used to simulate the performance of the R-EMS, and the results show that the proposed R-EMS not only maintains the battery SOC but also saves the fuel consumption compared with the rule-based EMS.
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