Aerosol particle transport and deposition in a CT-scan based mouth-throat model

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Conference Proceeding
AIP Conference Proceedings, 2019, 2121
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© 2019 Author(s). A precise understanding of the aerosol particle transport and deposition (TD) in the realistic mouth-throat model is important for the respiratory health risk assessment and effective delivery of the aerosol medicine to the targeted positions of the lung. A wide range of studies have developed the particle TD framework for both idealized and non-idealized extra-thoracic airways. However, all of the existing in silico and experimental model reports a significant amount of aerosol particles are deposit at the extra-thoracic airways and the existing drug delivery device can deliver only 12 percent of the aerosol drug to the targeted position of the lung. This study aims to increase the efficiency of the targeted drug delivery by developing a realistic particle transport model for CT-Scan based mouth-throat replica. A 3-D realistic mouth-throat model is developed from the CT-Scan DiCom images of a healthy adult cast. High-Quality computational cells are generated for the replica model and the proper grid refinement test has been performed. ANSYS Fluent (19.1) solver is used for the particle TD computation. Tecplot and MATLAB software are used for the post-processing purpose. The numerical results report that the breathing pattern and particle diameter influences the overall particle TD in the mouth-throat model. The numerical results also depict different deposition hot spots for the mouth-throat model, which will eventually help to design a better drug delivery device. The numerical results reported that only 13.67 percent of the 10-μm diameter particles are deposited at the mouth-throat model at 15 lpm flow rate and which indicate that the remaining particles will move to the beyond airways. The present results along with more case studies will develop the understanding of the realistic particle deposition in the extrathoracic airways.
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