A macroscopic particle modelling approach for non-isothermal solid-gas and solid-liquid flows through porous media

Publisher:
Elsevier
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Applied Thermal Engineering, 2019, 162 pp. 1 - 15 (15)
Issue Date:
2019-11-05
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The complexity of multiphase flows in many engineering systems such as heat exchangers signify the need to develop new and advanced numerical models to analyse the interactions the working fluid and unwanted solid foulants. Fouling is present in a myriad of industrial and domestic processes and it has a negative impact on the economy and the environment. The mechanisms that govern non-isothermal solid-fluid flow through porous metal foam heat exchangers are complex and poorly understood. In this research, a coupled finite volume method (FVM) and macroscopic particle model (MPM) is developed and implemented in ANSYS Fluent to examine the transient evolution of a non-isothermal multiphase solid-fluid flow and the interaction between coupled interactions of solid particles, fluid, and porous media. The maximum particle temperature is dependent on the fluid and solid particle thermo-physical properties in addition to the temperature of the cylindrical ligaments of the porous media. The present results show that the smallest solid particles reach the highest temperatures in the porous heat exchanger and at low inlet velocities, the highest particle temperatures are realized. The results pertaining to maximum particle temperatures are prevalent in many industrial processes and acquiring knowledge of the maximum particle temperature serves as a steppingstone for comprehending complex multiphase solid-fluid flows such as the cohesiveness between the particles and the particle adhesion with the walls. The results of these studies could potentially be used in the future to optimize metal foam heat exchanger designs.
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