Health Technology Assessment Challenges in Oncology: 20 Years of Value in Health

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Value in Health, 2019, 22 (5), pp. 593 - 600
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© 2019 ISPOR–The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research Background: Oncology treatments have changed from chemotherapies to targeted therapies and more recently immuno-oncology. This has posed special challenges in the field of health technology assessment (HTA): capturing quality of life (QOL) associated with toxicity due to chemotherapy, crossover upon progression in targeted therapy trials, and survival extrapolation for immuno-oncology drugs. Objectives: To showcase 20 years of Value in Health (ViH) publications in oncology. Methods: A review was undertaken of oncology articles published in ViH from May 1998 to August 2018. Full-length articles published in ViH with the keywords “oncology,” “cancer,” “h(a)ematology,” and “malignancy” were included for review. Conference abstracts were excluded. Results: Four major themes were identified: (1) QOL and the development of multiple functional assessment of cancer therapy tools and mapping instruments; (2) analysis of clinical evidence using indirect comparisons, network analyses, and adjustment for crossovers; (3) modeling, Markov models, partitioned survival models, and extrapolation methods; and (4) financial implications and how to deal with uncertainty, introduction of conditional reimbursement, managed entry, and risk share agreements. Discussion: This review article highlights the important role ViH has played in disseminating HTA research in oncology. A few key issues loom on the horizon: precision medicine, further development and practical application of new QOL measures, methods for translating clinical evidence, and exploration of modeling techniques. For a better understanding of the complex interplay between access and financial risk management, ViH will no doubt continue to promote pioneering research in HTA and oncology.
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