Indirect bridge modal parameters identification with one stationary and one moving sensors and stochastic subspace identification

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal of Sound and Vibration, 2019, 446 pp. 1 - 21
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© 2019 Elsevier Ltd A new indirect strategy is proposed to estimate the bridge modal parameters from the dynamic responses of two vehicles using stochastic subspace identification technique. The effect of ambient excitation, such as ongoing traffic, is simulated as white-noise excitation at the bridge supports. The state-space model of the vehicle-bridge interaction system is derived for a single-degree-of-freedom quarter-car model and the bridge deck modeled as a simply-supported Euler-Bernoulli beam. Bridge modal frequencies can be estimated accurately from the vehicle responses. Two instrumented vehicles are required to estimate the bridge mode shapes, with one serving as a fixed reference sensor and the other as a moving sensor. The measured accelerations from the vehicles are divided into segments and each pair of signal segments forms a state-space identification problem. Local mode shape value from each signal segment can be estimated using the reference-based SSI method. A rescaling on the local mode shape values is applied to construct the global mode shapes. Effects of the bridge surface roughness, measurement noise and vehicle properties on the mode shape identification are also numerically studied. A vehicle-bridge interaction model in the laboratory serves for the experimental validation of the proposed strategy. Both numerical and experimental results show that the proposed method can estimate the bridge modal parameters with acceptable accuracy.
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