Three-Dimensional Simulation of Wind-Driven Ventilation Through a Windcatcher With Different Inlet Designs

ASME International
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications, 2020, 12 (4)
Issue Date:
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Abstract Windcatcher is an effective natural ventilation system, and its performance depends on several factors including wind speed and wind direction. It provides a comfortable and healthy indoor environment since the introduced fresh air decreases the moisture content and reduces the pollutant concentration. Since the wind speed and its direction are generally unpredictable, it is important to use special inlet forms and exits to increase the efficiency of a windcatcher. In this study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling is implemented using ansys fluent to investigate the airflow entering a three-dimensional room through a windcatcher with different inlet designs. Three designs are studied which are a uniform inlet, a divergent inlet, and a bulging-convergent inlet. The airflow pattern with all inlets provided adequate ventilation through the room. With all the applied wind velocities (1, 2, 3, and 6 m/s) at the domain's inlet, the divergent inlet shape has captured the highest airflow through the room and provided higher average velocity at 1.2 m high enhancing the thermal comfort where most of the human occupancy occurs. With 6 m/s wind velocity, the divergent inlet has captured 2.55% more flow rate compared to the uniform inlet and 4.70% compared to the bulging-convergent inlet, and it has also provided an average velocity at 1.2 m high in the room of 7.16% higher than the uniform inlet and 8.44% higher than the bulging-convergent inlet.
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