Optimized communication in 5G-driven vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs)

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Next generation Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks will be dominated by heterogeneous data and additional massive diffusion of Internet of Things (IoT) traffic. To meet these objectives, a radical rethink of current VANET architecture is essentially required by turning it into a more flexible and programmable fabric. This research endeavours to provide next generation 5G-driven VANET architecture, with solutions for efficient and optimized communication. This thesis first introduces an innovative 5G-driven VANET architecture to provide flexible network management, control and high resource utilization, leveraging the concepts of SDN, C-RAN and Fog Computing. A new Fog Computing (FC) framework (comprising of zones and clusters) is proposed at the edge of the network to support vehicles and end users with prompt responses, and to avoid frequent handovers between vehicles and RSUs. The key results are improved throughput, reduced transmission delay and minimized control overhead on the controller. Furthermore, a novel Evolutionary Game Theoretic (EGT) framework is presented to achieve stable and optimized clustering in the Fog Computing Framework. The solution of the game is presented to be an evolutionary equilibrium. The equilibrium point is also proven analytically and the existence of an evolutionary equilibrium is also verified using the Lyapunov function. The results are analysed for different number of clusters for different populations and speeds. An optimal cost is suggested that defines an optimum clustering thus reducing an overhead of frequent cluster reformation. In addition, this thesis provides a Hybrid-Fuzzy Logic guided Genetic Algorithm (H-FLGA) approach for the SDN controller, to support diversified quality of service (QoS) demands and dynamic resource requirements of mobile users in 5G-driven VANET architecture. The proposed Fuzzy Inference System (FIS) is used to optimize weights of multi-objectives, depending on the Type of Service (ToS) requirements of customers. The results proved that the proposed hybrid H-FLGA performs better than GA. The results improve spectral efficiency and optimizes connections while minimizing E2E delay and further facilitates the service providers to implement a more flexible customer-centric network infrastructure. Furthermore, an end-to-end (E2E) network slicing framework is proposed to support customized services by managing the cooperation of both the RAN and Core Network (CN), using SDN, NFV and Edge Computing technologies. A dynamic radio resource slice optimization scheme is proposed to slice the overall bandwidth resources for mission critical and non-mission critical demands. The results meet ultra reliability and E2E latency of mission-critical services.
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