Evolutionarily Optimized Electromagnetic Sensor Measurements for Robust Surgical Navigation

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Journal Article
IEEE Sensors Journal, 2019, 19 (22), pp. 10859 - 10868
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© 2001-2012 IEEE. Miniaturized electromagnetic sensors are increasingly introduced to navigate surgical instruments to anatomical targets during minimally invasive procedures, such as endoscopic surgery. These sensors are usually attached at the distal tips of surgical instruments to track their three-dimensional motion represented by the position and orientation in six degrees of freedom. Unfortunately, these sensors suffer from inaccurate measurements and jitter errors due to the patient movement (e.g., respiratory motion) and magnetic field distortion. This paper proposes an evolutionary computing strategy to optimize the sensor measurements and improve the tracking accuracy of surgical navigation. We modified two evolutionary computation algorithms and proposed adaptive particle swarm optimization (APSO) and observation-boosted differential evolution (OBDE) to enhance the navigation accuracy. The experimental results demonstrate that our modified algorithms to evolutionarily optimize electromagnetic sensor measurements can critically reduce the tracking error from 4.8 to 2.9 mm. In particular, OBDE outperforms APSO for electromagnetic endoscopic navigation.
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