Selective copper extraction by multi-modified mesoporous silica material, SBA-15

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Science of the Total Environment, 2019, 697
Issue Date:
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© 2018 Selective copper (Cu) recovery from wastewater mitigates environmental pollution and is economically valuable. Mesoporous silica adsorbents, SBA-15, with amine-grafting (SBA-15-NH2) and manganese loading along with amine-grafting (Mn-SBA-15-NH2) were fabricated using KMnO4 and 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane. The characteristics of the synthesized adsorbents were evaluated in detail in terms of its crystal structure peaks, surface area and pore size distribution, transmission electron microscope and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The results established the 2.08 mmol/g of Cu adsorption capacity on Mn-SBA-15-NH2. Furthermore, in a mixed heavy metal solution, high selective Cu adsorption capacity on Mn-SBA-15-NH2 (2.01 mmol/g) was achieved while maintaining 96% adsorption amount as that of a single Cu solution. Comparatively, Cu adsorption on SBA-15-NH2 decreased by half due to high competition with other heavy metals. Optimal Cu adsorption occurred at pH 5. This pH condition enabled grafted amine group in Mn-SBA-15-NH2 to form strong chelating bonds with Cu, avoiding protonation of amine group (below pH 5) as well as precipitation (above pH 5). The adsorption equilibrium well fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models, while kinetic results were represented by models of linear driving force approximation (LDFA) and pore diffusion model (PDM). High regeneration and reuse capacity of Mn-SBA-15-NH2 were well established by its capacity to maintain 90% adsorption capacity in a multiple adsorption-desorption cycle. Cu was selectively extracted from Mn-SBA-15-NH2 with an acid solution.
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