MPTC for PMSMs of EVs with Multi-Motor Driven System Considering Optimal Energy Allocation

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 2019, 55 (7)
Issue Date:
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© 1965-2012 IEEE. This paper presents a compound propulsion system with a high-speed permanent-magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) and two in-wheel motors for electric vehicles (EVs). In this paper, the longitudinal dynamic model of EVs is first presented. Then traction distribution ratio \alpha is introduced to express the traction distribution between the front and the rear axles. Moreover, the function of power consumption concerned with the traction distribution ratio \alpha is established. Therefore, the \alpha that minimizes the power consumption function is selected as the optimal traction distribution ratio. To improve the performance of motor controllers, the model predictive torque control (MPTC) method is employed for high-speed and in-wheel motor drives. Experimental comparison with field-oriented control (FOC) shows the advantages of MPTC in dynamic response. Finally, experimental comparisons and hardware-in-loop (HiL) tests are presented to verify the MPTC method and the proposed energy allocation method, respectively.
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