Enhancing Power Grid Resilience through an IEC61850-Based EV-Assisted Load Restoration

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 2020, 16, (3), pp. 1799-1810
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© 2005-2012 IEEE. Contrary to reliability analysis in power systems with the main mission on safely and securely withstanding credible contingencies in day-to-day operations, resilience assessments are centered on high-impact low probability (HILP) events in the grid. This paper proposes an autonomous load restoration architecture founded on IEC 61850-8-1 GOOSE communication protocol to engender an enhanced feeder-level resilience in active power distribution grids. Different from the past research on outage management solutions, most of which 1) are not resilience-driven; 2) are reactive solutions to local single-fault events; and 3) do not address both network built-in flexibilities and flexible resources. The proposed solution harnesses 1) the imported power and flexibility from the neighboring networks; 2) distributed energy resources; and 3) vehicle to grid capacity of electric vehicles aggregations to enhance the feeder-level resourcefulness for agile response and recovery. Through real-time self-reconfiguration strategies, the suggested solution is capable of coping both single and subsequent outage events, and will engender a heightened resilience before and during the contingency period. Moreover, a resilience evaluation framework, which quantifies the contribution of all resources involved in service restoration, is developed. Real-time performance of the designed architecture is evaluated on a real-world power distribution grid using a real-time hardware-in-the-loop platform. Numerical case studies through a number of diverse scenarios demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed restoration solution in practicing an enhanced resilience in power distribution systems in response to HILP scenarios.
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