Increase in brain effective connectivity in multitasking but not in a high-fatigue state

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems, 2020, pp. 1-1
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
IEEE Multitasking has become omnipresent in daily activities, and increased brain connectivity under high workload conditions has been reported. Moreover, the effect of fatigue on neural activity has been shown in participants performing cognitive tasks, but the effect of fatigue on different cognitive workload conditions is unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of fatigue on changes in effective connectivity (EC) across the brain network under distinctive workload conditions. There were 133 electroencephalography (EEG) datasets collected from sixteen participants over a five-month study in which high-risk, reduced, and normal states of real-world fatigue were identified through a daily sampling system. The participants were required to perform a lane-keeping task (LKT) with/without multimodal dynamic attention-shifting (DAS) tasks. The results show that the EC magnitude is positively correlated with the increased workload in normal and reduced states. However, low EC was discovered in the high-risk state under high workload condition. To the best of our knowledge, this investigation is the first EEG-based longitudinal study of real-world fatigue under multitasking conditions. These results could be beneficial for real-life applications, and adaptive models are essential for monitoring important brain patterns under varying workload demands and fatigue states.
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