Flow boiling heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics of Isobutane in horizontal channels with twisted tapes

Elsevier BV
Publication Type:
Journal Article
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 2020, 162, pp. 120345-120345
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© 2020 Elsevier Ltd Using twisted tapes as a passive method for heat transfer improvement in a two-phase flow heat exchanger is experimentally studied. The test evaporator is a copper channel with a length of 1000 mm and an internal diameter of 8.1 mm which is installed horizontally. Three twisted tapes with twist ratios of 4, 10, and 15 are used at refrigerant vapor qualities in the range of 0.1–0.8 and refrigerant mass velocities between 160-350 kgm−2s−1. The natural refrigerant Isobutane (R600a) is chosen as the working fluid because it is environmentally friendly. According to the experiments, installing twisted tapes inside the channel augments both heat transfer rate and pressure drops over the plain channel. It is also observed that for both plain and twisted tape inserted channels, the values of heat transfer coefficients and pressure losses grow by giving rise to the refrigerant mass velocity and vapor quality. Results showed that the system performance factor varied between 0.44–1.09 offering that using twisted tapes as a turbulator is beneficial under specific operating conditions. The empirical data showed that there is an optimum value of the working fluid mass velocity at which the performance of twisted tape inserted channels is higher.
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