Action Research as a Mixed Methods Design: a Palliative Approach in Residential Aged Care

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Mixed methods research for nursing and the health sciences, 2009, 1st, pp. 1 - 255
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The philosophical premises of action research and the pragmatic characteristics of mixed methods researdl are highly congruent. Action research involves the engaging of participants as parblers to improve a situation or address an identified problem through cycles of reflectiOll, planning, action and evaluation (Reason and Bradbury 200]). Importantly, action research is a responsive and dynamic process that allows the complex array of predisposing and contributing issues to be considered, impacts of interventions and interactions observed, outcomes noted and action planned (Winter and Munn-Giddings 2001). A range of data collection methods is applicable to action research, including a mixed methods approach due to its applicability to survey, evaluation and field research. A mixed methods approach is particularly lIsehli as it allows multifaceted observatjons and adaptation of a range of research methodologies to a research setting and questions with unique characteristics (Creswell and Plano Clark 2006).
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