Measuring nurses' perceptions of their work environment and linking with behaviour change theories and implementation strategies to support evidence based practice change

Elsevier BV
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Applied Nursing Research, 2020, 56
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© 2020 Elsevier Inc. Purpose: Survey tools, such as the Alberta Context Tool, reliably measure context but researchers have no process to map context to clinician behaviour and develop strategies to support practice change. Therefore, we aimed to map the Alberta Context Tool to the Theoretical Domains Framework and the Behaviour Change Wheel. Method: The multi-centre study used the Alberta Context Tool to collect data from a convenience sample of nurses working in two emergency departments. These findings were categorised as barriers and enablers, and then mapped to the Theoretical Domains Framework to examine for behavioural domains. Using the Behaviour Change Wheel functions, strategies were developed to target clinician behaviour change. Results: Survey response rate was 42% (n = 68). Nurses perceived a positive work environment in the dimensions of Social Capital (median 4.00, IQR 0.33), Culture (median 3.83, IQR 1.16) and Leadership (median 3.60, IQR 1.1). Low scoring dimensions included Formal Interactions (median 2.75, IQR 1.00); Time (median 2.60, IQR 1.00) Staffing (median 3.0, IQR 2.00) and Space (median 3.0, IQR 2.00). Enablers (n = 77) and barriers (n = 25) were identified in both sites. The Theoretical Domains Framework was mapped to Alberta Context Tool barriers and enablers. The behaviour change strengths included: social and professional role; beliefs about capability; goals; and emotions. Using the Behaviour Change Wheel functions, 67 strategies were developed to address barriers and enablers. Conclusions: The Alberta Context Tool successfully measured two emergency environments identifying barriers and enablers. This approach enabled environment dimensions to be targeted with practical solutions to support evidence-based practice implementation.
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