Classification of Neuroblastoma Histopathological Images Using Machine Learning

Springer International Publishing
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 2020, 12534 LNCS, pp. 3-14
Issue Date:
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Neuroblastoma is the most common cancer in young children accounting for over 15% of deaths in children due to cancer. Identification of the class of neuroblastoma is dependent on histopathological classification performed by pathologists which are considered the gold standard. However, due to the heterogeneous nature of neuroblast tumours, the human eye can miss critical visual features in histopathology. Hence, the use of computer-based models can assist pathologists in classification through mathematical analysis. There is no publicly available dataset containing neuroblastoma histopathological images. So, this study uses dataset gathered from The Tumour Bank at Kids Research at The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, which has been used in previous research. Previous work on this dataset has shown maximum accuracy of 84%. One main issue that previous research fails to address is the class imbalance problem that exists in the dataset as one class represents over 50% of the samples. This study explores a range of feature extraction and data undersampling and over-sampling techniques to improve classification accuracy. Using these methods, this study was able to achieve accuracy of over 90% in the dataset. Moreover, significant improvements observed in this study were in the minority classes where previous work failed to achieve high level of classification accuracy. In doing so, this study shows importance of effective management of available data for any application of machine learning.
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