International feasibility study for the Women's Wellness with Type 2 Diabetes Programme (WWDP): An eHealth enabled 12-week intervention programme for midlife women with type 2 diabetes.

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Diabetes research and clinical practice, 2021, 171, pp. 108541
Issue Date:
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The current study aimed to examine feasibility of participant recruitment and retention rates for the Women's Wellness with Type 2 Diabetes program (WWDP), and to assess initial efficacy of the program in improving wellbeing outcomes.


70 midlife women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) participated in a 12-week wellness-focused intervention, the WWDP. The WWDP involved a structured book (with participatory activities), an interactive website and nurse consultations. This study had an Australian and a UK arm. Analyses were conducted using chi-square, McNemar, paired t-test, and Wilcoxon signed-ranks tests.


The attrition rate for the sample was 22.2%. Overall, significant improvement was observed in diabetes distress (DD), diabetes self-efficacy, weight, BMI, menopausal symptoms and sleep symptoms from baseline to program completion at 12 weeks. Australian participants were also more likely to meet fruit recommendation guidelines and had significant waist- and hip-circumference reductions.


Good retention rates and initial efficacy findings indicated feasibility of the WWDP as a promising 12-week health and wellness program for women with T2DM. They also suggest incorporating a focus on self-efficacy and gendered information may be important in improving wellness and health outcomes related to distress and menopause.
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