A Scheme of Intelligent Traffic Light System Based on Distributed Security Architecture of Blockchain Technology

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Access, 2020, 8, pp. 33644-33657
Issue Date:
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In recent years, under the background that the rapid development of traffic volume makes the current traffic lights far from meeting the urban traffic demand, intelligent traffic lights based on the centralized architecture began to appear. However, in the traffic network with complex structure and private data flow, there are many malicious attacks against the centralized architecture, such as Sybil and ghost car attacks, which undoubtedly brings great security risks to the traditional intelligent traffic lights. Blockchain technology is a popular security framework nowadays. Based on its outstanding characteristics in the distributed architecture and the development of Edge Intelligence (EI) technology, this paper proposes a distributed security architecture scheme based on blockchain technology for the existing intelligent traffic light system. At the same time, based on the model cutting technology proposed by EI, the smart contract is improved to achieve redundant cutting of ledger data in the process of block consensus, which greatly reduces the pressure of blockchain ledger data transmission. In the end of this paper, the superiority of this scheme compared with the traditional intelligent traffic light scheme in communication cost and time cost is demonstrated by simulation experiment.
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