Reducing vehicle fuel consumption and exhaust emissions from the application of a green-safety device under real driving.

Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
The Science of the total environment, 2021, 793, pp. 148602
Issue Date:
2021-11
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Manuscript_R1 v3 clean text.pdfAccepted manuscript1.24 MB
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Vehicle emissions have a significantly negative impact on climate change, air quality and human health. Drivers of vehicles are the last major and often overlooked factor that determines vehicle performance. Eco-driving is a relatively low-cost and immediate measure to reduce fuel consumption and emissions significantly. This paper reports investigation of the effects of an on-board green-safety device on fuel consumption and emissions for both experienced and inexperienced drivers. A portable emissions measurement system (PEMS) was installed on a diesel light goods vehicle (LGV) to measure real-driving emissions (RDE), including total hydrocarbons (THC), CO CO2, NO, NO2 and particulate matter (PM). In addition, driving parameters (e.g. vehicle speed and acceleration) and environmental parameters (e.g. ambient temperature, humidity and pressure) were recorded in the experiments. The experimental results were evaluated using the Vehicle Specific Power (VSP) methodology to understand the effects of driving behavior on fuel consumption and emissions. The results indicated that driving behavior was improved for both experienced and inexperienced drivers after activation of the on-board green-safety device. In addition, the average time spent was shifted from higher to lower VSP modes by avoiding excessive speed, and aggressive accelerations and decelerations. For experienced drivers, the average fuel consumption and NO, NO2 and soot emissions were reduced by 5%, 56%, 39% and 35%, respectively, with the on-board green-safety device. For inexperienced drivers, the average reductions were 6%, 65%, 50% and 19%, respectively. Moreover, the long-term formed habits of experienced drivers are harder to be changed to accept the assistance of the green-safety device, whereas inexperienced drivers are likely to be more receptive to change and improve their driving behaviors.
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