Women's satisfaction with and ongoing use of hormonal long-acting methods compared to the oral contraceptive pill: Findings from an Australian general practice cluster randomised trial (ACCORd).

Publication Type:
Journal Article
The Australian & New Zealand journal of obstetrics & gynaecology, 2021, 61, (3), pp. 448-453
Issue Date:
Full metadata record


The Australian Contraceptive ChOice pRoject (ACCORd) aimed to assess the impact of a complex general practice intervention on the uptake of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC).


Using survey data from enrolled women, we aimed to compare the ongoing use and satisfaction of women who chose one of the hormonal LARC methods including the levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) or levonorgestrel implant compared to the oral contraceptive pill (OCP).

Materials and methods

We used the data from participants' baseline, six and 12-month surveys to identify new users of implants, LNG-IUS or OCP. We included demographic information, ongoing use of the contraceptive method, reasons for dissatisfaction and discontinuation and experience of side-effects. Proportions were compared using χ2 tests.


Of the 740 women enrolled in ACCORd, 176 started using a hormonal LARC or OCP in the study's first six months with 76 using the IUS (43%), 60 the implant (34%) and 40 (23%) the OCP. Twelve-month continuation rates for the LNG-IUS, implant and OCP were 93, 83 and 65% respectively (P < 0.001). Satisfaction was highest among the LNG-IUS users; 86% were very/somewhat satisfied compared to 75% of implant users and 61% of OCP users (P < 0.001). Main reasons for method dissatisfaction were irregular bleeding and mood changes which were similar for all methods.


This study provides further evidence that hormonal LARC methods have higher continuation and satisfaction rates compared to the OCP with similar side-effects. Since hormonal LARC methods have the highest contraceptive efficacy, these should be offered first-line to women.
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