Measurement properties of PROMIS short forms for pain and function in total hip arthroplasty patients.

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes, 2021, 5, (1), pp. 1-7
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Introduction While the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is mainly designed for computer adaptive testing, its static short forms (SF) are used when a paper-pencil format is preferred or item banks are not yet translated into the target language. This study examined the measurement properties of the German PROMIS-SF for pain intensity (PAIN), pain interference (PI) and physical function (PF) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients. Methods SF were collected before and 12 months post-surgery. Higher scores indicate more PAIN, higher PI and better PF. Oxford Hip Score (OHS) was the main reference measure. Six months post-surgery, a subsample completed the SF twice within 14 days to test reliability. Results Of 172 eligible patients, 147 consented to participate and received questionnaires; 132 (74 males) returned baseline questionnaires (mean age 65.8 ± 10.2 years) and 116, 12-month questionnaires. Forty-five patients provided test-retest data. Correlations of all SF with OHS were large (│r│ ≥ 0.7; confidence intervals did not include 0.50). Cronbach’s alpha values were: PAIN, 0.86; PI, 0.93; PF, 0.91. Intraclass correlation coefficients were: PAIN, 0.77; PI, 0.81; PF, 0.69. Standard errors of measurement were: PAIN, 3.8; PI, 2.8; PF, 3.6. Smallest detectable change thresholds were: PAIN, 8.8; PI, 6.6; PF, 8.4. Follow-up data showed a ceiling effect (best score) for PAIN (66%), PI (76%), and PF (66%). SF change scores showed large correlations with OHS change scores (│r│ > 0.6). Conclusion Our results provide some evidence of construct validity, and acceptable reliability and responsiveness of PROMIS-SF for pain and function in THA patients. These SF can thus be considered acceptable for use, although patients’ improvement in physical function might be underestimated due to the large follow-up PF score ceiling effects.
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