Electrochemical activation of peroxides for treatment of contaminated water with landfill leachate: Efficacy, toxicity and biodegradability evaluation.

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Journal Article
Chemosphere, 2021, 279, pp. 1-12
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Contaminated water with landfill leachate (CWLL) with high salinity and high organic content (total organic carbon (TOC) = 649 mg/L and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) = 1175 mg/L) is a toxic and non-biodegradable effluent. The present research aimed to assess the treatment effectiveness of CWLL by electrocoagulation (EC)/oxidant process. The ferrous ions generated during the process were employed as coagulant and catalyst for the activation of different oxidants such as peroxymonosulfate (PMS), peroxydisulfate (PDS), hydrogen peroxide (HP), and percarbonate (PC) to decrease TOC in CWLL. Removal of ammonia, color, phosphorous, and chemical oxygen demand (COD) from CWLL effluent was explored at various processes. EC/HP had the best performance (∼73%) in mineralization of organic pollutants compared to others under the condition of pH 6.8, applied current of 200 mA, oxidant dosage of 6 mM, and time of 80 min. The oxidation priority was to follow this order: EC/HP > EC/PMS > EC/PDS > EC/PC. These processes enhanced the biodegradability of CWLL based on the average oxidation state and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)/COD ratio. SUVA254 and E2/E3 indices were also investigated on obtained effluents. The phytotoxicity evaluation was carried out based on the germination index, indicating that the electro-activated oxidant was an effective system to reduce the toxicity of polluted waters. EC/HP showed supremacy compared to others in terms of efficiency, cost, and detoxification. Therefore, the electro-activated oxidant system is a good means for removing organic pollutants from real wastewater.
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