Losses in the Saturated Iron-Core Superconducting Fault Current Limiter for VSC-HVDC System

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 2021, 31, (8), pp. 1-5
Issue Date:
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This paper presents the loss analysis on the saturated iron-core superconducting fault current limiter (SISFCL) for a VSC-HVDC transmission system. The numerical model of SISFCL as well as its loss calculation on superconducting parts were carried out by the finite-element method (FEM) using the H-formulation merged into the commercial package COMSOL. The SISFCL model was established for a practical ±10 kV VSC-HVDC system, and the fault current situation was simulated using the PSCAD with a SISFCL. The capability of fault current limiting was verified using the analysis of electromagnetic characteristics, and the corresponding patterns of magnetic field in the iron-core were studied. During the process of fault current limiting, the instantaneous power losses in the superconducting components were studied with the increasing DC bias current. Even in a DC grid system, results proved there were considerable amounts of losses occurred in the superconducting parts, when the SISFCL encountered the fault currents.
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