Real-time quantitative monitoring of in vitro nasal drug delivery by a nasal epithelial mucosa-on-a-chip model.

Taylor and Francis
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery, 2021, 18, (6), pp. 803-818
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OBJECTIVES: A human nasal epithelial mucosa (NEM) on-a-chip is developed integrated with a novel carbon nanofibers-modified carbon electrode for real-time quantitative monitoring of in vitro nasal drug delivery. The integration of platinum electrodes in the chip also enables real-time measurement of transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER). METHODS: The air-liquid interface culture of nasal epithelial RPMI 2650 cells in the NEM-on-a-chip was optimized to mimic the key functional characteristics of the human nasal mucosa. The epithelial transport of ibuprofen in the NEM-on-a-chip was electrochemically monitored in real-time under static and physiologically realistic dynamic flow conditions. RESULTS: The NEM-on-a-chip mimics the mucus production and nasal epithelial barrier function of the human nasal mucosa. The real-time drug quantification by the NEM-on-a-chip was validated versus the high-performance liquid chromatography method. The drug transport rate monitored in the NEM-on-a-chip was influenced by the flow in the bottom compartment of the chip, highlighting the importance of emulating the dynamic in vivo condition for nasal drug transport studies. CONCLUSION: This novel NEM-on-a-chip can be a low-cost and time-efficient alternative to the costly laborious conventional techniques for in vitro nasal drug transport assays. Importantly, its dynamic microenvironment enables conducting nasal drug transport tests under physiologically relevant dynamic conditions.
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