Why Do Some Aboriginal Communities Have Lower Crime Rates Than Others? A Pilot Study

Australian Academic Press
Publication Type:
Journal Article
The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Crimino..., 2010, 43 (2), pp. 301 - 332
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Crime data collated by the New South Wales (NSW) Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (BOCSAR) indicates that there is considerable variation in rates of Indigenous1 offending from one area to another in NSW, including in areas that are comparable in terms of Indigenous population. However, despite research findings that raise the importance of community context in relation to the offending of Indigenous individuals, there has been little investigation of the relationship between the dynamics of Indigenous communities and crime rates. In particular, there is a dearth of research that seeks to better understand the factors that may render Indigenous communities less prone to crime. This article outlines the findings of a pilot study undertaken by a research team from Jumbunna Indigenous House of Learning at the University of Technology Sydney, with support from BOCSAR. The pilot study sought to better understand the factors that contribute to variations in rates of Indigenous offending by conducting qualitative research in two communities with significant Aboriginal populations â Wilcannia and Menindee â that are demographically and geographically comparable but with contrasting crime rates.
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