A quasi-experimental study examining a nurse-led education program to improve knowledge, self-care, and reduce readmission for individuals with heart failure.

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Contemp Nurse, 2019, 55, (1), pp. 15-26
Issue Date:
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Background: Heart failure affects more than 6 million Americans and an estimated 23 million people worldwide. Inadequate self-care is associated with readmissions and are identified as a marker for poor health outcomes. Nurse-led heart failure inpatient hospital education has been demonstrated to improve knowledge, self-care behaviors and in some studies to reduce 30-day readmissions. Aims/Objectives: To evaluate the impact of nurse-led heart failure patient education on knowledge, self-care behaviors, and all cause 30-day hospital readmission. Design: Quasi-experimental pre-test and post-test on a convenient sample on two cardiac units at a large urban facility in the North East region of the United States. Methods: An evidence-based standardized heart failure patient education program based on the American Colleges of Cardiology and American Heart Association guidelines was implemented with a telephone follow-up at 7, 30, and 90 days post-discharge. The duration of the study was from September 2015 to February 2016. A convenience sample of (N = 29) individuals diagnosed with heart failure was asked to complete Dutch Heart Failure Knowledge Scale and Self-care Heart Failure Index. Results: A significant difference was found in knowledge at 7 day (P ≤ .001) and 90 day (P ≤ .032), self-care maintenance at 7 day (P ≤ .000) and 30 day (P ≤ .000), self-care management at 7 day (P ≤ .001) and 30-day (P≤.013). A statistically significant difference was found in self-care confidence at 30-day (P ≤ .017) but not at 7 day follow-up call. A statistically significant improvement in 30-day readmission was not found (P ≥ .05). Conclusion: Findings suggest the importance of developing patient education programs that are focused on improving knowledge and self-care behaviors for heart failure patients. Nurses are uniquely qualified to implement such programs that can improve health outcomes and need to accommodate evidence-based recommendations to global practice settings.
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