Surveillance Improves Outcomes for Carriers of SDHB Pathogenic Variants: A Multicenter Study.

Endocrine Society
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2022, 107, (5), pp. e1907-e1916
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
CONTEXT: Carriers of succinate dehydrogenase type B (SDHB) pathogenic variants (PVs) are at risk of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL) from a young age. It is widely recommended carriers enter a surveillance program to detect tumors, but there are limited studies addressing outcomes of surveillance protocols for SDHB PV carriers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe surveillance-detected (s-d) tumors in SDHB PV carriers enrolled in a surveillance program and to compare their outcomes to probands. METHODS: This was a multicenter study of SDHB PV carriers with at least 1 surveillance episode (clinical, biochemical, imaging) in Australian genetics clinics. Data were collected by both retrospective and ongoing prospective follow-up. Median duration of follow-up was 6.0 years. RESULTS: 181 SDHB PV carriers (33 probands and 148 nonprobands) were assessed. Tumors were detected in 20% of nonprobands undergoing surveillance (age range 9-76 years). Estimated 10-year metastasis-free survival was 66% for probands and 84% for nonprobands with s-d tumors (P = .027). S-d tumors were smaller than those in probands (median 27 mm vs 45 mm respectively, P = .001). Tumor size ≥40 mm was associated with progression to metastatic disease (OR 16.9, 95% CI 2.3-187.9, P = .001). Patients with s-d tumors had lower mortality compared to probands: 10-year overall survival was 79% for probands and 100% for nonprobands (P = .029). CONCLUSION: SDHB carriers with s-d tumors had smaller tumors, reduced risk of metastatic disease, and lower mortality than probands. Our results suggest that SDHB PV carriers should undertake surveillance to improve clinical outcomes.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: