Performance of a new stator-diffuser design for an axial-flow pump unit

The University of Auckland
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, 2010, pp. 1 - 4
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In an axial-flow pump unit with conventional stator and diftllser, often considerable energy is still present in the swirl (rotation) of the liquid leaving the stator. This energy will eventually be lost from the pump system. In this experimental investigation a new design, combining the stator and diffuser together into a single component, was tested for its effectiveness in recovering this energy and thereby improving the performance of an industrysized single-stage axial-flow pump unit. Measurements of static pressure rise along the new stator-difTuser and of the swirl angle of the fluid leaving the pump unit indicate that the new design performs better than the conventional one, as a component. However, efticiency of the whole pump unit is in general slightly reduced with the new design. A number of factors were identified as contributing to this performance degradation. Most notable are the poor matching of the fluid's and vanes' angles at the component's inlet and the sudden expansion of the flow geometry at the component's outlet. It is thus expected that when these factors have been adequately addressed, the new design should improve the pump's overall performance.
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