Asynchronous Uplink Sensors Fused in Perceptive Mobile Networks

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Conference Proceeding
2022 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops, ICC Workshops 2022, 2022, 00, pp. 824-829
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This paper proposes a scheme that solves two challenging problems in parameter estimation using communication signals: (1) asynchronous transmitter and receiver; and (2) sensing receiver with a small number of antennas. These problems exist in parameter estimation for perceptive mobile networks and WiFi. The geometrically-separated transmitter and receiver in communications are typically asynchronous at clock level. For a small base-station or WiFi, the number of antenna elements in an array is usually limited, which limits the resolution of estimating the angle-of-arrivals (AOAs) of multipath signals. In this paper, we employ cross-antenna cross-correlation (CACC) operation to resolve the asynchronous issue and use the CACC outputs to generate a multi-domain signal block that combines three-domain receive samples to efficiently increase the resolution of AOAs. The proposed scheme enables the direct use of uplink communication signals for radio sensing, without requiring any modifications on infrastructure or advanced hardware, such as a full-duplex transceiver. It also enables the estimation of more number of paths than the number of antennas, hence sensing in a small base-station or WiFi becomes possible.
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