Community empowerment through sport and events: A conceptual framework for sport-for-development projects

UK Centre for Event Management
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Global Events Congress IV: Festivals & Events Research: State of the Art Proceedings Online, 2010, 1 pp. 1 - 21
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The number of aid organisations, NGOs and Government agencies pursuing the Millennium Development Goals and seeking to improve the everyday needs and social life of disadvantaged communities through sport and events, has been growing over the past decade. Particularly in divided societies, sport-for-development projects have increasingly been staged to contribute to intergroup togetherness, social cohesion and community empowerment. While the analyses of individual sport and event projects highlights their capacity to impact positively on people and groups, they do not provide strategic guidelines, models or frameworks for community empowerment. However, such models are needed to foster practical research in the area of community development that can inform sport and event planning, management and leverage. In an attempt to fill this gap, this paper presents and discusses the Sport-for-Development (S4D) Framework, which can be used to guide the strategic investigation of sport and event projects and their contribution to direct social impacts and lasting social outcomes for (disparate) communities. Finally, this paper suggests different ways in which the S4D Framework could be empirically tested and validated through both qualitative and quantitative research.
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