A Single-Feed Wideband Circularly Polarized Dielectric Resonator Antenna Using Hybrid Technique With a Thin Metasurface

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Access, 2022, 10, pp. 90244-90253
Issue Date:
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A compact metasurface-based circularly polarized (CP) dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) is proposed with wideband characteristics. The antenna forms a very simple structure, composed of a rectangular DR, a single coaxial probe, and plus-shaped unit cells-based metasurface. The metasurface is realized on a grounded FR-4 substrate. Next, a rectangular DR is loaded centrally over the metasurface. The DR is fed with a perturbed probe feed at an appropriate angle of ( θ =29°), along the diagonal line. Thus, a novel hybrid technique involving the angle of feed location from the center of DR, and the N × N unit cells-based metasurface is utilized for generating a wideband CP radiation. The resonance from the rectangular DR and surface waves along the 7× 7 plus-shaped unit cells-based metasurface is exploited to achieve a wide 3-dB axial ratio (AR) and impedance matching bandwidth. The fabricated antenna prototype used for the validation of predicted results confirms the successful implementation of the proposed technique. Measured results demonstrate a wide impedance bandwidth of 32% (3.6 GHz - 7.0 GHz) and an overlapping 3-dB AR bandwidth of 20.4% (4.2 GHz - 5.2 GHz). Moreover, the antenna adopts a left-hand circular polarization (LHCP) with 6-7 dBic measured gain within the operational frequency range. Overall, the proposed antenna offers low-profile, simplicity, ease of design, and high performance.
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