English-Language Acculturation Predicts Academic Performance in Nursing Students Who Speak English as a Second Language

John Wiley & Sons Inc
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Research in Nursing and Health, 2008, 38 (31), pp. 86 - 94
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Students who speak English as a second language (ESL) face considerable challenges in English language universities, but little is known about the relationship betweenEnglish-language acculturation and academic performance. A prospective, correlational design was used to validate the English Language Acculturation Scale (ELAS), a measure of the linguistic aspect of acculturation, and to determine the relationship between English language acculturation and academic achievement among 273 first-year nursing students. Exploratory factor analyses demonstrated that the ELAS was a valid and reliable measure (a ¼.89).WhenELAS scoreswere examined in relation to students grades, students with the lowest ELAS scores also had the lowest mean subject grades, highlighting the need to place greater emphasis on identifying English-language acculturation among ESL students.
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