The Use of a Discrete Choice Experiment Including Both Duration and Dead for the Development of an EQ-5D-5L Value Set for Australia.

Springer Nature
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Pharmacoeconomics, 2023, 41, (4), pp. 427-438
Issue Date:
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BACKGROUND/AIMS: Discrete choice experiments (DCEs) with either duration included an attribute or with dead included as an option can be used as a stand-alone approach to value health states. This paper reports on a DCE with both of these features to develop an EQ-5D-5L value set for Australia. METHODS: A DCE was undertaken using a large Australian panel of internet respondents, from which a sample of more than 4000 Australian adults was chosen, stratified to be population representative on age and gender. The DCE contained 500 choice triplets, with two EQ-5D-5L health states with duration, and dead as the third option. Each respondent answered 12 choice sets from the 500, stating both the best and worst options from the three available. The design was constructed to estimate a utility algorithm with main effects plus some key interaction terms. A variety of approaches to parameterising interactions, and to anchoring the value set on the required 0-1 scale, were tested. A preferred Australian adult utility algorithm for use in cost-utility analysis was then generated. RESULTS: In total, 4477 people completed at least one choice set and were included in the analysis. The results reflected the monotonic structure of the EQ-5D-5L, in that moving from no problems to extreme problems led to worsening utility in each dimension. Inclusion of interaction terms demonstrates that the disutility of the first dimension moving to a poor level (defined as either level 5, or level 4 or 5) had a large impact, but subsequent dimensions moving to a poor level had a relatively smaller disutility. DISCUSSION: This work develops a value set for the EQ-5D-5L in Australia, and also provides a range of methodological insights which can inform future work using a stand-alone DCE to value health in other countries.
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