Shadow of the contract: How contract structure shapes interfirm dispute resolution

John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Strategic Management Journal, 2011, 32 pp. 532 - 555
Issue Date:
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This paper investigates how contract structure influences interfirm dispute resolution processes and outcomes by examining a unique dataset consisting of over 150,000 pages of documents relating to 102 business disputes. We find that the level of contract detail affects the type of dispute resolution approach that is adopted when conflict arises, and that different approaches are associated with different costs for resolving the dispute. We also find that the effect of contract choice on dispute resolution approach is moderated by the degree of coordination required in the relationship, and that the effect of dispute approach on costs is moderated by the degree of power asymmetry between the parties. Thus, even after controlling for various attributes of the exchange relationship and the dispute, the choice of contracting structure has important strategic implications. Copyright ï½ 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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