Linking climate policy across economic sectors: A case for green growth in Nepal

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Natural Resources Forum, 2023, 47, (3), pp. 553-577
Issue Date:
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Abstract While the energy sector is the largest global contributor to greenhouse gas GHG emissions the agriculture forestry and other land use AFOLU sector account for up to 80 of GHG emissions in the least developed countries LDCs Despite this the nationally determined contributions NDCs of LDCs including Nepal focus primarily on climate mitigation in the energy sector This paper introduces green growth a way to foster economic growth while ensuring access to resources and environmental services as an approach to improving climate policy coherence across sectors Using Nepal as a case country this study models the anticipated changes in resource use and GHG emissions between 2015 and 2030 that would result from implementing climate mitigation actions in Nepal s NDC The model uses four different scenarios They link NDC and policies across economic sectors and offer policy insights regarding 1 energy losses that could cost up to 10 of gross domestic product GDP by 2030 2 protection of forest resources by reducing the use of biomass fuels from 465 million gigajoules GJ in 2015 to 195 million GJ in 2030 and 3 a significant reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 relative to the business as usual BAU case by greater use of electricity from hydropower rather than biomass These policy insights are significant for Nepal and other LDCs as they seek an energy transition towards using more renewable energy and electricity
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