HVAC System Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Savings and Comfort Enhancement

Publisher:
IAARC
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Citation:
Proceedings of the 28th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction, 2011, pp. 245 - 250
Issue Date:
2011-01
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The overall attainable reduction in energy consumption and enhancement of human comfort of Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems are dependant on thermodynamic behavior of buildings as well as performance of HVAC components and device control strategies. In this paper by refining the models of HVAC components, the influence of integrated control of shading blinds and natural ventilation on HVAC system performance is discussed in terms of energy savings and human comfort. An actual central cooling plant of a commercial building in the hot and dry climate condition is used for experimental data collection, modeling and strategy testing. Subject to comfort constraints, interactions between the buildingâs transient hourly load and system performance are considered to show how the system energy consumption varies at different control strategies. For validation, a holistic approach is proposed to integrate dynamic operations of shading devices with direct and indirect ventilation of a commercial building equipped with a central cooling plant. Simulation results are provided to show possibility of significant energy saving and comfort enhancement by implementing proper control strategies.
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