Modelling and Optimisation of Direct Expansion Air Conditioning Systems for Commercial Building Energy Savings

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Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the 28th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction, 2011, pp. 233 - 238
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This paper presents a comprehensive refinement of system modeling and optimization study of air-cooled direct expansion (DX) refrigeration systems for commercial buildings to address the energy saving problem. An actual DX rooftop package of a commercial building in the hot and dry climate condition is used for experimentation and data collection. Both inputs and outputs are known and measured from the field monitoring. The optimal supply air temperature and refrigerant flow rate are calculated based on the cooling load and ambient dry-bulb temperature profiles in one typical week in the summer. Optimization is performed by using empirically-based models of the refrigeration system components for energy savings. The results are promising as approximately 9% saving of the average power consumption can be achieved subject to a predetermined comfort constraint on the ambient temperature. The proposed approach will make an attractive contribution to residential and commercial building HVAC applications in moving towards green automation.
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