Oxford University Press
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Supportive Care in Heart Failure, 2008, pp. 159 - 187
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Supportive care in heart failure (HF) management is the multidisciplinary holistic care of patients and their families from the time of diagnosis, during treatment aimed at prolonging life, through to the end of life when palliative care is provided.' The management of dyspnoea is a key consideration in supportive care of HF. This chapter will describe the physiological basis of dyspnoea, present a conceptual model for perceiving and managing dyspnoea, outline pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies, and summarize key considerations for clinicians, patients, and their families to manage this debilitating symptom. In spite of the frequency and severity of dyspnoea, sparse information exists on symptom management in a supportive model of HF care.
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