DOA Estimation of a Wideband Signal Using a 2-D Array Antenna with Spatial Processing Capability

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This paper describes investigations into Direction–Of–Arrival (DOA) estimation of a wideband signal by a two–dimensional array antenna, which employs only spatial signal processing for beam forming. The elements of this array are arranged in a horizontal rectangular lattice to steer a beam in azimuth over a wide frequency band. By applying the concept of interpolated array, a composite covariance matrix is produced. This composite covariance matrix is a simple addition of covariance matrices of narrowband virtual arrays, being stretched or compressed versions of a nominal array, all featuring the same radiation pattern. DOA is estimated by eigen–decomposition of the composite covariance matrix using the narrowband MUSIC algorithm. The performance of the proposed DOA estimation method is demonstrated by computer simulations. The obtained results indicate that the two–dimensional array provides better estimation of DOA than the one–dimensional one when the interpolated array technique in conjunction with the MUSIC algorithm is applied
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