Tailoring and targeting interventions for women with heart disease: the need for gender-based approaches

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Journal Article
Evidence-Based Nursing, 2013, 16 (2), pp. 45 - 46
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This study used a two-group, single-blind, randomised clinical trial methodology to compare physiological and psychosocial outcomes in women recruited from an outpatient CR programme in the USA following an acute cardiac event (medical and surgical admissions). Women participated in either a traditional (usual care) 12-week CR programme (n=111) or a tailored programme guided by the transtheoretical model (n=141) of behaviour change augmented by motivational interviewing techniques and a dedicated exercise programme for women. Usual care and intervention groups adopted a case-management model. Random sequence generation occurred using a computerised number sequence, and allocation concealment was accomplished using sequentially numbered opaque envelopes.
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