Robust Textual Data Streams Mining Based on Continuous Transfer Learning

Publisher:
SIAM
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Citation:
Proceedings of the 13th SIAM International Conference on Data Mining, 2013, pp. 731 - 739
Issue Date:
2013-01
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In textual data stream environment, concept drift can occur at any time, existing approaches partitioning streams into chunks can have problem if the chunk boundary does not coincide with the change point which is impossible to predict. Since concept drift can occur at any point of the streams, it will certainly occur within chunks, which is called random concept drift. The paper proposed an approach, which is called chunk level-based concept drift method (CLCD), that can overcome this chunking problem by continuously monitoring chunk characteristics to revise the classifier based on transfer learning in positive and unlabeled (PU) textual data stream environment. Our proposed approach works in three steps. In the first step, we propose core vocabulary-based criteria to justify and identify random concept drift. In the second step, we put forward the extension of LELC (PU learning by extracting likely positive and negative micro-clusters)[1], called soft-LELC, to extract representative examples from unlabeled data, and assign a confidence score to each extracted example. The assigned confidence score represents the degree of belongingness of an example towards its corresponding class. In the third step, we set up a transfer learning-based SVM to build an accurate classifier for the chunks where concept drift is identified in the first step. Extensive experiments have shown that CLCD can capture random concept drift, and outperforms state-of-the-art methods in positive and unlabeled textual data stream environments.
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